The United States relations with Kurdistan Region and Turkey as important allies since the 2003have evolved. Congress appropriates relatively small amounts of military and security assistance for Turkey compared with past sums, but still plays an active role in shaping and overseeing the United States relations with Turkey. Several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for United States interests. The United States policymakers are closely observing the domestic unrest that began in late May 2013 and spread across Turkey in June to determine how it may impact United States interests. In its reactions to the ongoing situation in Middle East and the Arab’s Springs Countries , the United States appears to be balancing its concerns for Middle East Region’s democratic and human rights credentials with its recognition of the importance of having a stable Middle East as an aliens in an increasingly turbulent region. The United States believe that the Middle East ,Arab Gulf and Turkey's long-term stability, security, and prosperity is best guaranteed by upholding the fundamental freedoms of expression, assembly, association, and a free and independent media. Kurdistan Region, Arab Gulf , Turkey is a close friends and allies of the United States and United States expect the Middle East, and Arab’s authorities to uphold these fundamental freedoms. Gauging how United States and Turkish interests coincide has become increasingly complicated and dynamic. United States and Kurdistan Region and Turkey closeness on issues affecting the Middle East has increased since 2003. The Iraqi and the Kurdish leaders perceive a need for United States help to encourage regional democratic transition while countering actors with the potential to undermine internal Iraq and regional stability including the Iranian and Syrian regimes and terrorists Activities and Turkey’s own ethnic Kurdish population issue. and The United States may be more dependent on its alliance with Turkey and Kurdistan region to forward U.S. interests in the region because of the recent end of the United States military mission in Iraq and other possible future reductions in its Middle East footprint. These factors have led to frequent high-level American and Kurdistan Region consultation on developments in Syria and the broader region.
The United States officials reportedly interpreted Turkey’s agreement in September 2011 to host a United State early warning radar as part of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO missile defense system for Europe as a critical sign of Turkey’s interest in continued strategic cooperation with Washington. During the previous year 2010, some United States and European policymakers and analysts had voiced concern about Turkey’s reliability as a bilateral and NATO ally owing to its active opposition to United Nations sanctions against Iran for its nuclear program and its deteriorating relationship with Israel. These factors have led to frequent high-level United States and Turkey consultation on developments in Syria and the broader region. The Regional Change in the Greater Middle East, Will Turkey’s policies and actions be reconcilable with United States interests in countries such as Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Afghanistan with regard to political and material support for populations, opposition movements, and transitional governments existing and potential future sanctions against autocratic regimes; internationally mandated humanitarian and military action that includes or may include the use of Turkish bases or territory; and limiting Iranian influence? Israel and the United States and Turkey Relationship, What are prospects for future Turkey Israel relations, especially given signs of improvement in early 2013? How might these relations affect United States efforts at regional security coordination? If Turkey Israel tensions persist, should they affect congressional views generally on Turkey’s status as a United States ally..
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